Monday, January 20, 2020
A Comparison of the Film, Life is Beautiful and the Bible Many elements of the film Life is Beautiful can compare to the Bible. For example, Guido, the main character, acts as a Christ figure in that he saves his son, Joshua from the evils of the Holocaust. Another example that compares with the Bible is the tank that is promised to Joshua. Finally, GuidoÃ¢â¬â¢s death eventually saves Joshua from his own death. Such examples in the movie are comparable to examples in the Bible. In the film, Guido is a Christ figure to his son. During their imprisonment in the concentration camp, Guido explains things to his son in a way that shelters his son from the reality of what is happening. Guido loves his son and he protects his son from being hurt, even if doing so involved breaking rules and getting in trouble himself. In such a way did Jesus Christ love his followers. Jesus suffered to protect His people. Jesus loved his followers and was not selfish toward them. He always did what was right for the well being of His people, even when it was considered wrong or unla...
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Cybercrime Law: Is Now the Right Time for It? Issues about a certain bill, which was passed by our President Aquino, have grown since before the its implementation. This became a mainstream issue on the cyberworld and other media. Some were happy about the lawÃ¢â¬â¢s provisions, but others, mostly, disagreed with its rules. The lawÃ¢â¬â¢s called the Cybercrime Prevention Law which was proposed by Senator Tito Sotto, who was accused of plagiarism in two of his recent speeches. This law has a bright side, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s not enough to cover its ugly side. We have a right to freely say what we want, but with limitations. Freedom is not absolute.We must still be conscious on what weÃ¢â¬â¢re saying, or even posting on our Facebook walls. In the cyberworld, freedom is welcomedÃ¢â¬â playing, watching, reading, commenting, liking, sharing and even buying, what we want. Internet has been a jar of our hidden personalities. An individualÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude is changing when entering the cyberworld. And because of that, many became abusive of that freedom and use it to harm other people. This led the government to pass a law concerning the said emerging cyberproblem. The cybercrime law has many obvious disadvantages for netizensÃ¢â¬â almost all Filipinos are netizens. This law envisions a safe internet world.In line with that, the law contains very heavy punishments for the Ã¢â¬Å"abusiveÃ¢â¬ netizens. The problem with that is the way the law considers an internet action abusive. Even liking a libelous content is counted as an abusive action? ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s ridiculous! Many would say that itÃ¢â¬â¢s for the safety of the Filipino people, but didnÃ¢â¬â¢t they think that itÃ¢â¬â¢s a way of depriving a democratic country of its freedom to express thoughts. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s totally ironic. IÃ¢â¬â¢m not saying that that the deprives Filipinos of the freedom of speech totally, but mostly. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s because Filipinos usually became more brave to express their thoughts on the internet.The law is a threat to proper justice. The law says that you can be imprisoned for almost 12 years if you are caught red handed on doing something in the internet that is abusive, but if you raped an innocent person, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll just be jailed for 3 years! ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s not right. Another thing , the law will be using 50 million pesos a year to successfully implement it, but donÃ¢â¬â¢t they know that more hungry stomachs need that amount? Surely, this will be an issue on the proper allocation of our national budget. Lastly, the Philippines has more alarming problems that should be thought first than the cybercrime.Shortage of food and water, poor shelter programs, overpopulation, growing unemployment and underemployment rate, and global warming are just some them. Why donÃ¢â¬â¢t they focus on those things? Cybercrime is a very controversial issue with the government this time, but they havenÃ¢â¬â¢t solved yet non-cyber crimes in the Philippines which are more life damaging. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s funny that the government is keeping on acting that they can handle complex and new issues, even though they canÃ¢â¬â¢t manage to solve the common ones. The government and our country need to grow more before we go to that Ã¢â¬Å"cyberÃ¢â¬ matter.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Being a student of the Jewish Bible and a disciple in JesusÃ¢â¬â¢ day was for the very few. Boys and girls went to school and began memorizing and studying the Torah from ages 6 - 10. By the age of 10, most children would have memorized the entire Torah the first five books of our Old Testament, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Imagine! At 10, formal education ended for girls and many boys. Most children began to apprentice the family trade or learn how to manage a household. The best students though continued their education at the next level. During their training, they would memorize the rest of the Hebrew Scriptures, so they knew Genesis Ã¢â¬â Malachi by heart. At 15, the best of those best students would continue to the next level of education while the rest began to learn their familyÃ¢â¬â¢s trade. These best of the best students would go to a Rabbi and apply to become one of his disciples. And the Rabbi would choose the best of the best of the best, ones he thought might be able to follow him. Being a disciple involved more than Ã¢â¬Å"headÃ¢â¬ knowledge; they sought to become like the Rabbi. They wanted to do what the Rabbi did. Only the Ã¢â¬Å"cream of the cropÃ¢â¬ we might say, the very best of the best of the best were allowed to become disciples -- until Jesus. Today our Gospel in Disney sermon series is a movie that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t quite fit the Disney mold. In most Disney movies, the heroes are clearly good even if their circumstances are poor, and the villains are clearlyShow MoreRelatedGospel of Matthew Essay example1396 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshis teachings. It is believed that the Gospel originated with Matthew, one of Jesus disciples, and it circulated anonymously (Harris 149). The message in this gospel was compiled to minister to a Jewish and Jewish-Christian community when tensions between early Christians and postwar Jewish leaders aggravated bitter controversy. The Gospel of Matthew was written as an encouragement to the Greek-speaking Jewish Christians and Gentiles who were, at least partly, Torah observant during the 80s C.ERead MoreExegesis Of Matthew 13 : 44-501812 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesStudent 41520 Exegesis of Matthew 13:44-50 Introduction The Author of Matthew is decisively agreed to be Matthew the disciple of Jesus. The book is dated between AD70 and AD80. The setting is in and around Galilee where Jesus began His ministry. In Matthew we find that this Gospel is the only book that comes alongside the Old and New Testament canonization that bridges these two periods in history. Jesus came to bring salvation but faced rejection from His own people the Jews. William BarclayRead MoreEssay on Matthews Christology1423 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMatthews Christology MatthewÃ¢â¬â¢s Christology is one that emphasises to a Jewish audience the Jewishness of Jesus. It will be the purpose of this paper to argue that the raison dÃ¢â¬â¢etre of MatthewÃ¢â¬â¢s Christology is to portray Jesus as entirely compatible if not with the Judaism of his day then with ancient Judaic tradition, namely the Old Testament. Whilst there are numerous titles given to Jesus that are exclusive/predominant within the Matthean account, such as that of Son of God, it is the writerÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreÃ¢â¬Å"Compare and Contrast the Portrait of Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of John.Ã¢â¬ 1269 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesclear that the different perspectives in the portrayal of Jesus are significant in their own right. It is likely that Matthew wrote for Jewish Christians in Antioch, Syria (c. 85 CE) (Mudge Taylor et al, 1994, p. 157). MatthewÃ¢â¬â¢s primary concern is Jesus as Teacher. In contrast to this however, JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s Gospel was most likely authored a round 90CE for people of Jewish and Gentile backgrounds (Mudge Taylor et al, 1994, p. 157). For John, the divine Jesus comes to bring Ã¢â¬ËlifeÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËlightÃ¢â¬â¢ to humanityRead More Apostle Paul Essay1212 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction The disciples of Jesus Christ were faithful to record the words and actions of the Lord. Through His actions and character, Jesus Christ influenced history. Jesus Christ was crucified, died, and resurrected, which changed world history as we know it. He told his disciples He would die and on the third day he would be resurrected. Jesus died to pay the sin debt of the world. The Lord led a sinless life, but was the one who took on the sins of the world. There is no other person whoRead MoreThe Birth Of Christianity : Christianity1981 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesChristianity is defined in the Cambridge Dictionary as Ã¢â¬Å"the Christian faith, a religion based on the belief in one God and on the teachings of Jesus Christ, as set forth in the Bible.Ã¢â¬ As we read this definition, we must consider that Jesus Christ was the main force in the birth of Christianity. Through his faith, teachings, actions, sacrifice, and resurrection, I believe he has been one of the most influential peop le in the history of the world. The birth of Christianity follows the historyRead MoreEssay about The Gospel of Thomas1536 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages assumed by a few early Christians. Thomas is actually Hebrew for twin, and Didymus is Greek for twin as well. According to saying twelve, the disciples said to Jesus, Ã¢â¬Å"We know that you will depart from us. Who is to be our leader?Ã¢â¬ Jesus said to them, Ã¢â¬Å"Wherever you are, you are to go to James the righteous, for whose sake heaven and earth came into beingÃ¢â¬ (Gospel of Thomas: saying 12). As I was reading the Gospel of Thomas and read over saying twelve, I believe that Jesus is stating that his brotherRead More The Definition of Disciple Essay example2404 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThe Definition of Disciple Discipleship is the core of Christian ethics, especially as the last command of Jesus (28:19). When I heard the word Ã¢â¬Å"discipleÃ¢â¬ in childhood Sunday School, I envisioned an eager, bearded man with dirty robes straining intently towards Jesus, like a child begging to hear more of a bedtime story. In high school youth group, we talked about being good disciples by obeying the rules: no kissing, no running, no talking in church. But as I re-read Dietrich BonhoefferÃ¢â¬â¢s stirringRead MoreMary Magdalene: a Character Study (a Disciple of Jesus) Essay3783 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesMary Magdalene: A Character Study (A disciple of Jesus) Setting: Biweekly Prayer Group Length of Delivery: 45 minutes for each lesson I. LESSON I A. Introduction. 1. Who was she? a. Matthew 27:56,61: 28:1 b. Mark 15:40,47; 16:1-19 c. Luke 8:2; 24:10 d. John 20:1-18 2. What is her name? 3. Where she lived? a. She was from Magdala, aRead MoreReflection Paper - Virgin Birth, Jesus Claim God, Bible Authority1136 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesChristianity. I hope to answer the questions, Ã¢â¬Å"Does the Bible have authority?Ã¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Did Jesus claim to be God?Ã¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"Did Jesus need to be born of a virgin?Ã¢â¬ . These three questions can be summarized with the question, Ã¢â¬Å"Is God reliable in what he has said about Himself, and if we can t take His Word for it, then what?Ã¢â¬ II. Section One The question of the authority of the Bible rests on the issue of the authority of its author. If the author of the Bible did not have authority, then it is highly unlikely
Friday, December 27, 2019
Melania Fernandez Professor MacLeod History 102 Final Exam May 9, 2016 PART I Part I: 2 Long Essays (70 points) 2. What were the causes of the New Imperialism of the late nineteenth century? What were some of the arguments to justify this imperialism? What were the results or consequences of this imperialism? 4. Considering the period 1933 to 1945, analyze the economic, diplomatic, and military reasons for GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s defeat in the Second World War. Causes and Effects of The New Imperialism in World Wars What is the New Imperialism and what were the cause and effects in the World Wars in order to understand what is the Ã¢â¬Å"New ImperialismÃ¢â¬ , we must first learn and define Imperialism: a policy or practice by which a country increases its power by gaining control over other areas of the world: the effect that a powerful country or group of countries has in changing or influencing the way people live in other, poorer countries. The New Imperialism takes on effects in the late 19th century this is when there is an interest or wanting to gain a imperial territory, Imperialism is also consider to be when there is a desire to control a trading routes and resources in a nation. A perfect example of the New Imperialism is called the Scramble for Africa, this is when Europe tries to takes control over Africa. In the late 19th century Europe struggle to destabilize and to balance the power that they once had before Italy and Germany became unify. The rise of many non EuropeanShow MoreRelated The Compelling Motives of European Imperialism Essay794 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Compelling Motives of Imperialism The presence of Europe in Africa in the late nineteenth century was one of extreme power. The countries of France, Britain, and Germany had especially large claims to the African continent during this time. The motives of imperialism for these countries greatly define Europe at this time. Insatiable desires for economic markets, power and political struggles, the motivating belief in Social Darwinism, and the European idea of superiority were the drivingRead MoreTo What Extent Was Late Nineteenth-Century and Early Twentieth-Century United States Expansionism a Continuation of Past United States Expansionism and to What Extent Was It a Departure?1184 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTo what extent was late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century United States expansionism a continuation of past United States expansionism and to what extent was it a departure? Throughout the history of the United States, America had a desire to expand its boundaries. The United States acquired most of its land during the nineteenth and early twentieth century with a brief break during the Civil War and Reconstruction. However, the way America went about graining new lands drasticallyRead MoreNotes on Colonialism and Imperialism1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesChapter 33 Notes * Foundations of empire * Motives of imperialism * Modern imperialism * Refers to domination of industrialized countries over subject lands * Domination achieved through trade, investment, and business activities * Two types of modern colonialism * Colonies ruled and populated by migrants * Colonies controlled by imperial powers without significant settlement * Economic motives of imperialism * European merchants and entrepreneurs made personalRead MoreWhat attracted European imperialism to Africa to Asia in the late nineteenth century.1585 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMortimer Chambers et al define imperialism as a European state s intervention in and continuing domination over a non-European territory. During the Scramble for Africa in the late nineteenth century, the most powerful European nations desired to conquer, dominate and exploit African colonies with the hope of building an empire. According to Derrick Murphy, in 1875 only ten percent of Africa was occupied by European states. Twenty years later only ten percent remained unoccupied. There wereRead MoreAmerican Imperialism the United States (U.S.)1562 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAmerican Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuryÃ¢â¬â¢s the United States (U.S.) pursued an aggressive policy of expansionism extending its political and economic influence around the world. What is imperialism? Why this policy was adopted and how it was rationalized. The major events that took place and which countries of the world the U.S. became involved due to this policy. Finally, we will see, not everyone supported foreign affairs by theRead MoreThe Colonization Of Africa During The Late Nineteenth Century936 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesImperialism occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region for economic, political, or social reasons. This type of foreign policy was practiced by European nations throughout the 1800s and early 1900s. Began in 1870s, Europeans started to colonize Asia and Africa by using military force to take control of local governments and exploited local economies for raw materials required by EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s growing industry. The takeover of Africa during the late nineteenth century has been knownRead MoreAmerica s Hunger For Land And Power1166 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfrom Russia in 1867, the U.S. achieved little in the area of foreign expansion at this time. However, by the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth century, United States expansionism looked abroad with new interest, because, as a rising industrial power, the U.S. needed to find foreign markets in which to sell its manufactured products and from which to acquire raw goods. This new age of United States expansionism was a continuation of past expansionism. America s hunger for land and powerRead MoreCauses Of Imperialism1107 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesImperialism Essay Growing up, many children play the board game Ã¢â¬Å"Battleship,Ã¢â¬ where a playerÃ¢â¬â¢s main goal is to conquer his opponentÃ¢â¬â¢s ships and, eventually, land. Similarly, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the nation of Europe and other countries took over and influenced countries that they believed were inferior to them. This process, known as imperialism, is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a policy of extending a countrys power and influence through diplomacy or military forceÃ¢â¬ (googleRead MoreImperialism in the 19th century1746 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesgreat deal of Imperialism in the 19th century, led by mostly westerners from Europe. Imperialism is the act in which one nation extends its rule over another. Imperialism had a substantial effect on the 19th century throughout the entire world by bringing upon changes to many different countries, for better and for worse, especially to Africa. Prior to the nineteenth century, westerners did interfere with many of the affairs of nations outside of their boarders, so signs of imperialism are shown manyRead More Comparing Colonialism and Imperialism in Heart of Darkness and Kiplings Poetry1515 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesImperialism in Heart of Darkness and Kiplings Poetry Ã Ã Ã Imperialism sprung from an altruistic and unselfish aim to take up the white mans burden1 and Ã¢â¬Å"wean [the] ignorant millions from their horrid ways.Ã¢â¬ 2 These two citations are, of course, from KiplingÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"White ManÃ¢â¬â¢s BurdenÃ¢â¬ and ConradÃ¢â¬â¢s Heart of Darkness, respectively, and they splendidly encompass what British and European imperialism was about Ã¢â¬â at least seen from the late-nineteenth century point of view. This essay seeks to explore
Thursday, December 19, 2019
It is my claim that Ernest HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s piece, Ã¢â¬Å"The Snows of KilimanjaroÃ¢â¬ is most effective at showing how trivial life can be as it regards to what people think is needed to be successful in life for three main reasons. The reasons are that people put too much time into achieving unrealistic goals, people get too involved in obtaining their goals and do not appreciate what they have, and people have the wrong idea about success and can not obtain true success with the wrong vision of what it is. Some people put too much time into achieving their unrealistic goals, and never realize them and then end up wasting most of their life and lively hood in search of their personal success. Those same people also never stop to appreciate what theyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This work is appealing to this audience because they can identify with the main character Harry and his feelings of regret and self doubt of his accomplishments and position in life. Only when people g et closer to death do they start to look back on their lives, and question whether they have done all they wanted or not. Lots of men in their late 30Ã¢â¬â¢s to late 40Ã¢â¬â¢s also tend to have a mid-life crisis where they wonder what they have done with their life. Theses people can identify with Harry and can be targeted as the specific audience. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The symbols used through out the story are what make Ã¢â¬Å"The Snows of KilimanjaroÃ¢â¬ an appealing piece of literature. The vultures which descend upon and fly above the camp and the hyena who visits the camp signify naturally, in the context of the situation, the presence of death. The gangrenous leg of the dying writer is another symbol, of course, of death. But in the larger context, since Harry is a writer, they symbolize his moral corruption and artistic decay. Beyond this Harrys wife being a rich woman symbolizes the very forces which have brought about the destruction of his integrity. She is precisely identical with the gangrenous leg, and hence with the vultures and hyena. All of these areShow MoreRelatedThe Snows of Kilimanjaro1507 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIt is my claim that Ernest Hemingways piece, The Snows of Kilimanjaro is most effective at showing how trivial life can be as it regards to what people think is needed to be successful in life for three main reasons. The reasons are that people put too much time into achieving unrealistic goals, people get too involved in obtaining their goals and do not appreciate what they have, and people have the wrong idea about success and can not obtain true success with the wrong vision of what it is.Read More Snow of Kilimanjaro Essay3386 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pages In this story Ã¢â¬Å"The Snows of KilimanjaroÃ¢â¬ , the author Ernest Hemingway has basically two main characters, Harry and his wife, Helen. Throughout the story Harry has an infected leg, which seems to be seriously bothering him, it is actually rotting away. The author writes about HarryÃ¢â¬â¢s time on the mountain with his wife just waiting for his death. In his story, Ernest Hemingway shows a great deal reality and emotion through his main character Harry, in the books themes, and its symbols. The authorÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreThe Snows Of Kilimanjaro Analysis1234 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOsifowode Professor Linda Daigle English 2328 July 19, 2017 Hemingway Ã¢â¬â The Snows of Kilimanjaro Among the key elements in any play, character development and themes remain crucial since they help in understanding the setting and the play in general. In most cases, these elements are hidden so that a deeper meaning can be obtained from a scene when trying to pass the message across. In the play, Ã¢â¬Å"The Snows of KilimanjaroÃ¢â¬ by Ernest Hemingway, we can observe several features that are distinct as explainedRead MoreThe Snows of Kilimanjaro -Analysis1375 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Snows of Kilimanjaro The story opens with a paragraph about Mt. Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa, which is also called the Ã¢â¬Å"House of God.Ã¢â¬ There is, we are told, the frozen carcass of a leopard near the summit. No one knows why it is there. Then we are introduced toÃ Harry, a writer dying of gangrene, and his rich wifeHelen, who are on safari in Africa. HarryÃ¢â¬â¢s situation makes him irritable, and he speaks about his own death in a matter-of-fact way that upsets his wife, predictingRead MoreSnows of Kilimanjaro Essay1175 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmost well-known works is The Snows of Kilimanjaro. This short story centers on a man known only as Harry, who is slowly dying of an infection of gangrene in his leg. He is a writer who laments not writing enough, and the short story deals mostly with the psychology of him dying while lamenting and recalling various things in his life. This leaves room for copious amounts of interpretation, with many scholarly essays having been written about The Snows of Kilimanjaro interpreting themes, motifs, charactersRead MoreAnalysis of Hemingways The Snows of Kilimanjaro2081 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Snows of Kilimanjaro - analysis Hemingways The Snows of Kilimanjaro is a story about a man and his dying, his relationship to his wife, and his recollections of a troubling existence. It is also, more importantly, a story about writing. Ernest HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s background influenced him to write Ã¢â¬Å"The Snows of Kilimanjaro.Ã¢â¬ One important influence on the story was that Hemingway had a fear of dying without finishing his work. Hemingway could well express the feelings of Harry because they bothRead MoreWinter Dreams And The Snows Of Kilimanjaro945 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe stories I have chosen to write about are: Ã¢â¬Å"Winter DreamsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Snows of KilimanjaroÃ¢â¬ . Both stories are through the eyes of the male lead characters, Harry from Ã¢â¬Å"The Snows of KilimanjaroÃ¢â¬ and Dexter from Ã¢â¬Å"Winter DreamsÃ¢â¬ . Money and wealth cannot ensure that a man is content with his life, which ultimately leads to regret as shown in both stories. Blindness by objects of temptation fo r moments of happiness will lead to lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s reflections when able to see again only to look at reflectionsRead MoreSnows Of Kilimanjaro By Ernest Hemingway1229 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSnows of Kilimanjaro by Ernest Hemingway gives different viewpoints about HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s life and marriage. Hemingway gives the character Harry, who gets an infection in his leg and is suffering from great pain, a different outlook on his life when death gets involved. When describing such themes as death, infection and the small and unimportant values of life, we see a different kind of Harry come out of the story. A bashful, unkind, and shameful Harry is brought into our imagination with such imageryRead MoreThe Snows of Kilimanjaro by Ernest Hemingway848 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHe was sick; he has on the brink of death as his life began to catch up with him. Harry, the main character in Ã¢â¬Å"The Snows of KilimanjaroÃ¢â¬ by Ernest Hemingway, lays on a cot at the plains of Kilimanjaro dying from gangrene due to a self-inflected wound he never took care of. While on the edge of death, his true identity as a person begins to shine through. Is Harry a good man merely preparing for death in a terrible way? Or was his truly deceptive and abusive personality shining through at his lastRead More Reflections on Death in The Snows of Kilimanjaro Essays1463 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesReflections on Death in The Snows of Kilimanjaro Ã Ã Ã Ã Hemingways The Snows of Kilimanjaro is stereotypical of The Lost Generation and their values. They were a generation of expatriated US writers that lived and wrote between the Great Wars and thought of themselves separates from the postwar values and above the materialistic western society and continuously question morality and philosophy in their work. They tended to think very little of the rich people. These reflections on life
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss About The Ageing Population In Singapore Human Life? Answer: Introduction Time is an imminent force that binds human life and activities, and its most prominent manifestation is felt in the form of ageing. A nations populace is said to be ageing when the average age escalates, unaffected by demographic factors like death-rate, birth rate, annual migrations and so on. This is a problem many South Asian countries, where governments are faced with the uphill task of providing facilities like healthcare, accommodation and basic amenities to older people who cannot actively contribute to the economy. This adversity is particularly pertinent in Singapore, which happens to be one of the most rapidly augmenting economies in the world. Discussion Situation overview Notwithstanding the nations economic strong-footing, Singapore has a shocking meagre rate of birth and a steep quota of ageing people. When Singapore became independent from Malaysian rule in 1965, its populace was about 1.8 million, who were mostly labourers and farmers devoid of formal education. The mean age of the citizen has hiked drastically to 36.9 in 2015, with people above 65 constituting 11.8% of the populace, which was about 11.2% in 2014. Demographic studies reflect that old age benefits policy has been altered in the past few decades, with the number of citizens in the 16-64 age-group has been dwindling progressively since 1970 (Swee-Hock, 2012). Governments Take Singapores Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong expressed his apprehensions that if this trend continues, the populace pyramid will turn upside down by 2050, even taking immigration into account. From 220,000 in 2000, the population of the 65-plus age-group doubled to 440,000 in 2005, and is estimated to rise to 900,000 in 2030 (Kelly, 2017). This has resulted in sandwiched households, in which about two adults are sustaining both the younger and older generations. This is bound to adversely affect Singapores healthcare facilities and the opportunities for the coming generations (mom.gov.sg, 2017). Rapid ageing will take a toll on the nations economic progress; as most companies are bound to suffer from productivity issues. Low Birth-rates The cause of this situation can be traced back to three main factors. Firstly, the mindset of people has undergone a significant change since the boosted births of the late 1940s. These days, Singaporeans are more focused on building prosperous careers, with better education and increased exposure to global media. People are growing less eager to have babies, as it would affect their careers, especially the mothers. Under such circumstances, the birth rate at present is decreasing, causing the ratio of old age to increase as the population of young citizens is lowering rapidly. Increased Fertility in the 1940s The second reason is the post-war baby boom of the late 1940s. After the war, people felt safer and more eager to have babies at the prospect of a bright future in a peaceful nation. Most of these children are over 65 now (Heok, 2014). The war had caused a lack of good and accommodation already, and the situation worsened. The government imposed the two-child norm and promoted abortion and contraceptives in order to curb the increasing needs at a time of severe deficit. These measures proved to be greatly successful and the rate of births took a sharp pitfall. The abruptly pared number of children caused a drop in the ratio of children in the total populace of Singapore, and a subsequent rise in the ratio of older men. This is precisely the key factor that spurred the relative ageing of the population. Enhanced Life-expectancy The advancement of medical sciences is the third factor that has contributed to the ageing population in Singapore. Efficient health care has resulted in bringing down the mortality rates in all countries across the world. Hence, this is not an influence on Singapore alone, and can also be seen with the ageing of the population in Japan, China, Norway and other countries. According to Statistics Singapore, the rough rate of deaths (per 1000 people) was 5.2 in 1970. That figure was cut short to 4.5 and 4.4 in 2000 and 2008 respectively (Rutherford Socio, 2012). The mortality rate has been in steady downfall since 1970, and so has the ratio of elderly people increasing. This clearly bears testimony to the advancement of medical facilities of Singapore, which is ranked sixth in the world by WHO (Huang, Yeoh Toyota, 2012). Favourable government policies have greatly helped the elderly in bringing down the medical expenses for the older people, who cannot earn as much. The government la unched the Eldershield policy, a scheme akin to the 3M framework of Medishield, Medisave and Medifund. Under such schemes, elderly people are enabled to meet their expenses while also invest their funds for future benefits (straitstimes.com, 2017). Other Nations Such a situation of ageing of the population is present in other countries as well, the notable ones being Japan, Italy, Greece and Germany. Japan is estimated to have the oldest population, as it has the highest ratio of elderly residents- with 25.9% of the population aged 65 and above. Japan experienced a baby boom after World War II, between 1947 and 1949. However, the nation was faced with productivity problems, and like the Singapore government, the Japanese Government legalised abortions and encouraged the usage of contraceptives (Muramatsu Akiyama, 2017). This led to a low fertility and the subsequent ageing of the population, which has potent effects even today. In Germanys case, the problem can be attributed more to political outlooks and gender biases. After World War II, having to choose between kids and careers, most German women focused on jobs, resulting in a decline in birth-rates. Since the reunification of Germany in 1903, the government is trying to boost the rate of births, with considerable effect. Conclusion To round the discourse up, the government of Singapore have realised that they are faced with a serious demographic adversity, and are making efforts to address the problem. The issue poses a threat not only for the society and healthcare facilities, but most importantly, on the economy of Singapore. To that effect the government has taken up measures like re-employment after retirement of elderly people, exclusive housing and transport facilities, reduction in taxes, free medical facilities and so on. A time will come when this adversity will reach its peak; however, the Singaporean government and people look to be preparing for the situation in advance. References: Heok, K. E. (2014). Ageing Baby Boomers. Write Editions/Tusitala (RLS) Pte Ltd. Huang, S., Yeoh, B.S. Toyota, M. (2012). Caring for the elderly: the embodied labour of migrant care workers in Singapore. Global Networks, 12(2), pp.195-215. Kelly, N. (2017). Singapore feeling impact of rapidly ageing population.Today Online. Retrieved from https://www.todayonline.com/singapore/singapore-feeling-impact-rapidly-ageing-population mom.gov.sg. (2017).Retirement.Ministry of Manpower Singapore. Retrieved 26 August 2017, from https://www.mom.gov.sg/employment-practices/retirement Muramatsu, N., Akiyama, H. (2017). Japan: Super-Aging Society Preparing for the Future. The Gerontologist, 51(4), 425-432. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/gerontologist/article/51/4/425/599276/Japan-Super-Ageing-Society-Preparing-for-the-Future Rutherford, T., Socio, A. (2012). Population ageing: statistics. House of Commons library (Standard not. Retrieved Jan 2, 2013, from: www. parliament. uk/topics/PopulationArchive. straitstimes.com. (2017). Healthcare needs to transform to cope with ageing population: Health Minister. Straits Times. Retrieved from https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/health/eldershield-being-reviewed-panel-to-submit-proposals-by-end-2017 Swee-Hock, S. (2012). The population of Singapore. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Plunkitt Of Tammany Hall Book Report on Plunkitt of Tammany Hall 1. Honest Graft and Dishonest Graft- When Plunkitt was tipped off about something in the city or someone wanting to built a park or something, he sees the opportunity and he takes it. He buys up the land before they do. When they see that they are going to need the land, he sells it to them at a much higher price than what he paid for it, giving him a nice profit. That is honest graft. Several politicians are accused of stealing dollars from the state's treasury, this is an example of dishonest graft. The condemnation commissioners came along and found piece after piece of land under the name George Plunkitt of the Fifteenth Assembly District, New York City. They wondered how he knew just what to buy. Plunkitt sees the opportunity and he takes it. 2. How to Become a Statesman- If you want to make a fame and fortune for yourself in politics, do not come at them with all of your book smarts and saying how smart you are. That is a big mistake. Get a person to follow you, even if it is only one person and say that you want to join the organization. Do not go at them with your book smarts because they will say that they have no use for you here. 3. The Curse of the Civil Service Reform- Men who have patriotism get it blasted away when they take the civil services examination. The civil service law is the biggest fraud of the age. There are ten thousand good offices, but we cannot get no more than a few hundred of them. When we cannot place these men who wanted to serve their country, they become an Anarchist. There is nothing in the game. 4. Reformers Only Morning' Glories- Many reform movements were started during PLunkitt's forty years in politics, but none have lasted more than a few years. Morning glories looked great in the beginning but folded in short time. These reformers have been going into things without much practice while the politicians, have been practicing all of their lives and know ever fine point of the game. 5. New York City Is Pie for the Hayseeds- New York farmers wanted their taxes lowered because they were too high. The Republican Legislature will make a rush for the farmer and tell him that if he does not see what he wants to ask for it. After they cut the farmers tax , they raise taxes on liquor and some other taxes in New York City. They take half of the proceeds from the State Treasury and cut down the farmers taxes to suit. New York City is a big fat goose. Come along with your carvings knives and have a slice. 6. To Hold Your District: Study Human Nature and Act According'- Plunkitt talks about books being a hindrance and the only way to last is to know everyone in your district. He talks about looking after the people, know what they are interested in and help them with what they want. Help the people and they will help you on election day. 7. On the Shame of the Cities- In Lincoln Steffens, The Shame of the Cities, Plunkitt says that he does not know how to make decisions. He talks about the Philadelphia Republican Gang and Tammany Hall being almost the same. Plunkitt thinks he is all wrong. Plunkitt seems to talk about politicians stealing, saying that they in 1905 are no worse than 1835 as a class. It just means that the old timers had nothing to steal, while the politicians in 1905 were surrounded by temptations. 8.Ingratitude in Politics- Plunkitt talks about how he was back stabbed by one of the people he took in hand, ?The? McManus. His friends told him that this would happen but he did not believe them. McManus ran ahead of Plunkitt in their own district. He later broke his ties with him. When a district leader is voted in it is like a solemn contract. If you do good and help us out, we will re-elect you next term. If you do not, you will be swatted down and